scuba diving

Top 5 Scuba diving facts

Any time you mention Scuba diving, the idea of underwater exploration pops up. This sport involves divers using a scuba set to breathe while exploring the fascinating world beneath the water surface. Scuba diving allows you to embark on a great underwater adventure. While most people know it as just an amazing hobby, there are so many facts that remain too little known. There is too much beyond the scuba set and the divers that meet your eyes. As your interest in this sport keeps growing day by day, you will need to know these facts. Here are the top five Scuba diving facts.

What does S.C.U.B.A stand for?

SCUBA is an acronym that stands for Self-Contained Underwater Breathing Apparatus. It was originally referred to as the United States Special Force’s frogmen’s equipment during the Second World War.

The term SCUBA is used to describe the system, allowing divers to explore beneath the water surface without any connection to a surface air supply.

Who invented Scuba diving?

Scuba diving was invented in 1943 by French seaman Jacques Cousteau. He invented the first self-contained underwater breathing apparatus, which was called the aqualung.

However, records also suggest that Leonardo da Vinci had prepared a blueprint of such equipment 300 years before aqualung development.

The deepest recorded scuba dive

The deepest recorded scuba dive in the Guinness book of record was Ahmed Gabr, who completed a dive down to 332.35m, which equals 1.095ft in the Egypt coast’s red sea.

He was a former Special Forces army officer, and he only took twelve minutes to reach his maximum depth but spent fifteen hours on his return due to the many safety stops. The many safety stops ensured he had a safe dive and did not risk getting a decompression illness. During this dive, Ahmed used technical diving equipment.

The longest recorded Scuba dive

An Egyptian set the longest Scuba dive called Walaa Hafez, a former Navy SEAL team leader. He set a new record of 51 hours 10 minutes in June 2015 in the Red Sea off Hurghada, Egypt. The dive was completed at a 10metres depth though even at this shallow depth, he had to contend with decompression illness and hyperthermia in the record attempt.

The highest dive site in the world

Altitude diving is normally regarded as a dive which is made 300 meters above sea level. This requires special training since you have to be taught the dive planning, special procedures, and techniques adjusted at the altitude.

The highest scuba dive altitude has been made severally. One was made in the crater of Lincancabur between the Chealand and Bolivian borders. The altitude recorded was 5900 meters, which equal to 19.357ft.

Conclusion

Scuba diving has become one of the favorite recreational activity for many. With its increase in popularity, it might even hit the billion-dollar mark. Therefore, if you have not experienced this underwater adventure, then it is the perfect time to do it, although under proper guidance.

Scuba Diving

Top 10 things to consider when Scuba Diving

Whether you are a newbie or have already been experiencing underwater life for some time, there will always be some new tips and things to consider for you to be a pro scuba diver. Considering these tips will not only make your scuba diving experience great and better, but it will also ensure your safety in the water. Here are 10 things to consider when scuba diving.

Positive buoyancy skills at the surface

While scuba diving, positive buoyancy at the surface is vital. We tend to think that most dangerous diving situations transpire underwater, but they do occur on the surface in the real sense. Therefore every scuba diver should establish positive buoyancy skills as it conserves energy, preventing exhaustion and drowning.

Rule of thirds

This rule requires every diver to designate a third of their air of supply for the outward journey, a third for the return journey, and the final third as a safety reserve.

 It is also vital to think about your own requirements and your buddy’s in case an emergency arises.

Use the buddy system.

Solo Scuba diving should always be an absolute no unless properly trained since emergencies require a buddy. Statistics from BSAC and DAN showed that in 86% of fatal scuba diving cases, the diver was alone when they passed on. Always ensure you do not lose your buddy or too far away from them since he or she is your lifeline and support system underwater.

Always plan your dive and dive the plan.

Planning your dive ensures your safety underwater. One should always be sure of the maximum time and depth before submerging, beware of emergency and lost- diver procedures.

In case you do not have a guide, always ensure you navigate the site beforehand. Besides, always agree with your diving partner the hand signals you will use to communicate and remember sticking to the plan is as vital as the original planning.

Dive within you limits

Although diving is meant to be fun, putting yourself in uncomfortable situations should always be an absolute no. Never succumb to peer pressure if you are not mentally or physically capable of a dive and conditions feel unsafe to you.

Always keep check of your gear before a dive.

Your gear is the most vital thing, while your survival depends on it. Don’t be too lazy to thoroughly check your gear since malfunctions in it would cause a life-threatening situation. Besides, always ensure that you are certain of how the equipment works.

Never hold your breath.

Never holding your breath is the most important rule while scuba diving. Breath-holding underwater leads to serious injury and maybe death. When a diver holds his breath, the air can no longer escape as it expands; hence, the alveoli make up the lung walls rapture leading to major damage on the organ.

Maintain safe Ascents

While diving, always ensures you ascend slowly and safely at all times. Always maintain a 30 feet per meter ascending rate since exceeding a safe ascent rate leads to nitrogen being absorbed into the bloodstream at depth with no time to dissolve back into the solution as the pressure decreases. Hence, bubbles form in the bloodstream leading to decompression sickness.

Be Well-Versed with vital skills.

Every diver must have mastered the basic skills for diver safety. One should know how to conduct a CESA, use their buddy’s alternate air source, and how to disconnect your pressure inflator hose. Always ensure your skillset is refreshed while diving and you are confident of what to do if something goes wrong.

Physical Fitness

Maintaining an acceptable level of physical fitness is vital to safe driving. In case a scuba diver is not physically fit, it may lead to overexertion; hence, faster air consumption and panic.

Finally, watch out for pre-existing diseases that may exclude a person from diving and always seek advice from a physician on whether to dive or not.

Following these ten guidelines while scuba diving will always ensure a safe, relaxed, and fun dive. After all, it is why we go diving in the first place!